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This collection contains AdaptNRM biodiversity change datasets and maps contextualised for Tasmania and surrounding Islands, and specifically: novel ecological environments, disappearing ecological en... morevironments, and composite ecological change datasets and maps for amphibians, reptiles, mammals, and vascular plants. The Tasmania extent of the equivalent ‘Potential degree of ecological change’ datasets are also included for completeness, although identical to the national datasets. Ecological change is derived from change in long term (30 year average) climates between the present (1990 centred) and projected future (2050 centred) under the MIROC5 and CanESM2 global climate models (RCP 8.5), scaled using Generalised Dissimilarity Modelling (GDM) of compositional turnover for four biological groups (GDMs: AMP_r2_PTS1, MAM_r2, REP_r3_v2, and VAS_v5_r11). The source GDM models are listed in related materials below (AMP_V2_R2 is the same as the model also denoted ‘AMP_r2_PTS1’; REP_V2_R3 is the same as REP_r3_v2; MAM_V1_R2 is the same as MAM_r2). The equivalent national datasets for novel and disappearing ecological environments, composite ecological change and Potential degree of ecological change are also listed in related materials below.
NOVEL ECOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENTS: this metric describes the nature of the projected 2050-centred future environmental conditions for each 9s grid cell. Using each cell of a GDM projection surface, the metric looks out to all other cells in the specified region, and records the ecological similarity of the future state of the cell to the most similar cell in the present (1990-centred). A novel ecological environment is a possible new ecological environment scaled by ecological similarity that may arise in the future but which doesn’t exist anywhere at present.
DISAPPEARING ECOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENTS: this metric describes the extent to which the long term average environmental conditions for each 9s grid cell in the present (1990-centred) will be present in a projected 2050 centred future. For each cell of a GDM, the metric looks out to all other cells in a specified region, and records the ecological similarity of the present state of the cell to the most similar cell in the future. A disappearing ecological environment is a present-day ecological environment scaled by ecological similarity that may become absent in the future.
COMPOSITE ECOLOGICAL CHANGE: this metric is a composite measure that integrates the Potential degree of ecological change with the degree to which ecological environments are becoming novel or disappearing, showing where different combinations of change may occur and how extreme that change may be.
A technical report for the project provides details about the rationale, methods and data. Further details are described in the AdaptNRM Guide “Implications of Climate Change for Biodiversity: a community-level modelling approach”, available online at: www.adaptnrm.org.
Data are provided in two forms: 1. Zipped ESRI float grids: Binary float grids (*.flt) with associated ESRI header files (*.hdr) and projection files (*.prj). 2. GeoTIFF files (*.tif). After extracting from the zip archive, these files can be imported into most GIS software packages. Component measures are provided in both ESRI float and GeoTiff formats, while composite rasters are provided in GeoTiff format.
Datasets in this series use a consistent naming convention: see the file readme_filenames.txt for a full explanation.
Readme and xml files for how to reproduce the 3-band colours in the composite measure are also provided.
Higher resolution images used in the technical report are also provided. less
Customised AdaptNRM biodiversity impact datasets for Tasmania - Ecological Change Modelling - Published 26 Apr 2017
A global map of 5 land use types at 30s (approx. 1km) resolution for 2005. The data set was generated through the statistical downscaling of the Land-use Harmonisation data set (Hurt et al 2011) at ht... moretp://luh.umd.edu/. Five land use types (primary, secondary, pasture, crop, urban) are provided as separate raster layers, with the value of each cell representing the proportion of the grid cell occupied by that land use type. An additional layer representing cells defined as permanent ice (value of 1) is also provided.less
1173.3 Strat: WPC Global Prot Area Ass - Land-use downscaling - Published 04 Apr 2016