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The ASTER geoscience map of Australia is a set of digital geoscience products generated from satellite ASTER data. ASTER (Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer) is a Japanese ... moreimaging instrument on board USA’s TERRA satellite. The multispectral imaging sensor is the world’s first “geoscience tuned” satellite Earth Observing System. The ASTER geoscience maps of Australia represent the first continent-scale maps of the Earth’s surface mineralogy.
ASTER has 14 spectral bands spanning wavelengths sensitive to important rock forming minerals, including: Iron oxides; clays; carbonates; quartz; muscovite and chlorite.
Each ASTER image covers a 60 by 60 km area with individual pixel elements ranging from 15 to 90 m suitable for geoscience mapping from continent (1:2,500,000) down to mineral prospect (1:50,000) scale. The Australian mosaic is sourced from ~35,000 ASTER scenes with approximately 3500 used in the final mosaic.
The products are: False colour; CSIRO Landsat TM Regolith Ratios; Green vegetation content; Ferric oxide content; Ferric oxide composition; Ferrous iron index; Opaque index; AIOH group content; AIOH group composition; Kaolin group index; FeOH group content; MgOH group content; MgOH group composition; Ferrous iron content in MgOH/carbonate; Silica Index; Quartz Index; Gypsum Index.
COE - 3D Mineral Mapping - Mineral Mapping - Published 06 Mar 2020
The digital 3-dimenional (3D) mineral mapping suite of Queensland comprises ~20 “standardized” products at the spectral resolution of the ASTER (Advanced Space-borne Thermal Emission and Reflection Ra... morediometer) sensor and generated from publicly-available satellite, airborne, field and drill core spectral data spanning the visible near infrared (VNIR; 0.4 to 1.0 µm), shortwave infrared (SWIR; 1.0 to 2.5 µm) and thermal infrared (TIR; 7.5 to 12.0 µm) wavelength regions, including:
1. Satellite ASTER maps at both 30 m and 90 m pixel resolution with complete coverage of the state of Queensland, i.e. 1.853 million km²;
2. Airborne HyMap maps at ~5 m pixel resolution with a coverage of ~25,000 km2 from areas across north Queensland;
3. Field point samples (~300) from the National Geochemical Survey of Australia (NGSA) collected from a depth of 0-10 cm of flood overbank sediments;
4. Drill-core profiles (~20) of the National Virtual Core Library (NVCL) selected from the area around the Georgetown seismic line (07GA-IG2).
Key to the processing of the remote sensing data-sets (ASTER and HyMap) was the implementation of unmixing methods to remove the effects dry and green vegetation. This unmixing was not applied to the Australian ASTER geoscience maps released in 2012 (called here Version 1 or V1) resulting in extensive areas with little/no mineral information because of the need to apply masks. The vegetation unmixing methods used in the Version 2 (V2) processing of the ASTER and HyMap imagery has resulted in very few areas without coherent mineral information.
The resultant V2 “mineral group” products were designed to measure mineral information potentially useful for mapping: (i) primary rock composition; (ii) superimposed alteration effects; and (iii) regolith cover. These V2 products may assist in mapping soil properties and groundwater conditions. However their relatively low spectral resolution (based on ASTER’s 14 VNIR-SWIR-TIR bands) means that they do not provide the high level of mineralogical detail available from hyperspectral systems (>100 spectral bands), like HyMap and the HyLogger. Nevertheless, the relatively low spectral resolution of ASTER means that all other sensor data can be spectrally resampled to that resolution. Furthermore, the ASTER global data archive, which now spans entire Earth’s land surface <80degrees latitude, means that it can be used as global base-map for integrating all other spectral data.
3D Mineral Map of Queensland - Stage 1 - mineral mapping - Published 06 Dec 2019