Showing results for: [ Prescott Index ]
The Prescott Index is a measure of water balance that has proven to be a useful in soil mapping both to stratify study areas for sampling and as a quantitative predictor of soil properties (Prescott, ... more1949; McKenzie et al, 2000). The index was designed to give an indication of the intensity of leaching by excess water and is calculated using long-term average precipitation P and potential evaporation E, both expressed as mean monthly values in mm (mean annual values divided by 12):
PI = 0.445P / E^0.75
The evaporation was estimated from temperature and net radiation; the net radiation was computed by the SRAD solar radiation model using the smoothed 1 arc-second resolution DEM-S (ANZCW0703014016) and includes both regional climatic influences and local topographic effects.
Precipitation and temperature were obtained from national climate surfaces averaged over the same time period as the climatic information used in the radiation calculations (1981-2006).
The Prescott Index has no units. Larger values indicate wetter conditions.
The 3 arc-second resolution version of the Prescott Index has been produced from the 1 arc-second resolution surface, by aggregating the cells in a 3x3 window and taking the mean value.less
1181.2 TERN Facility No9 InfoGrid GRUNDY - National Elevation and Terrain Datasets - Published 13 Aug 2014