Database of chemical properties of Australian biomass and waste

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About this Collection

Database of chemical properties of Australian biomass and waste

This project sought to develop a database of fuel and energy characteristics for a range of Australian biomass and wastes to support their use in a range of thermochemical technologies. The database includes biomass sourced from agriculture (wheat straw, cotton trash, sugar cane trash, chicken manure, etc), forestry (mostly woody wastes from differ... more

Forestry Biomass and Bioproducts



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Australian biomass Wastes MSW chemical properties proximate analysis ultimate analysis calorific value Waste-to-Energy

A sample of anywhere from a few to 10 kg of material that would be representative of what might be available for energy purposes was obtained. A portion of representative sample was prepared and analysed for proximate and ultimate properties. These analyses were carried out in accordance with Australian Standards AS1038.1, AS1038.3, AS1038.5 and AS1038.7 for those samples collected and analysed prior 2010 to ensure compatibility with power station boiler practice. For recent biomass and waste samples collected after 2010, proximate and ultimate analyses were performed using EN 1477432009 Standard for moisture content, ISO 181232015 for volatile matter, EN 147752009 Standard for ash content, ISO 169482015 Standard for C,H,N, CEN/TS 15289:2006(E) for S, CEN/TS 15289:2006(E) by titration for Cl and the heating value of MSW samples was determined on a Leco AC350 calorimeter according to AS1038. A portion of the sample was ashed and ash analysis conducted to determine chemical composition of mineral matters .

Most of the data in this database were obtained from two R&D projects. The first project was funded by the Joint Venture Agroforestry Program (JVAP), which is supported by three R&D Corporations including Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation (RIRDC), Land & Water Australia (L&WA), and Forest and Wood Products Research and Development Corporation (FWPRDC), together with the Murray-Darling Basin Commission (MDBC). CSIRO would like to express thanks to the numerous suppliers of biomass material for this database. Urban waste data were obtained from work supported by Brisbane City Council - CSIRO are thankful to EnvironCom (Brisbane) for their kind assistance and arrangement of MSW sample collection. CSIRO also acknowledges contribution made by Department of Environment and Science (Queensland) which assists for reconstructing of this webpage. San Shwe Hla, Alex Ilyushechkin, Daniel Roberts, Wesley Stein, Lasse Tobiasen and Louise Ord have contributed to this database.

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence

CSIRO (Australia)

CSIRO; Hla, San; Ilyushechkin, Alex; Ord, Louise; Roberts, Daniel (2020): Database of chemical properties of Australian biomass and waste. v15. CSIRO. Data Collection.

All Rights (including copyright) CSIRO 2020.

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Location Details

10°0′0″ S

45°0′0″ S

155°0′0″ E

110°0′0″ E


About this Project

Gasification of priority feedstocks

This is a CSIRO strategic project to enhance our understanding upon gasification behaviour of low and high density biomasses under atmospheric pressure operating conditions as well as gasification characteristic of Australian brown coals under high temperature- high pressure operating conditions. This project will also include analyses of gasifica... more

San Hla


San Hla

Alex Ilyushechkin

Louise Ord

Daniel Roberts